The objective of regular follow-up is to detect either local recurrence or metastatic disease at a time when early treatment is still possible. Examinations should include both a physical examination of the tumour site as well as assessment of the function and possible complications of any reconstruction. Also local imaging and chest X-ray or CT are recommended.
According to the medical guidelines of the European Society of Medical Oncology (ESMO), the aftercare intervals following completion of chemotherapy should be every 2-3 months for the first 2 years, every 2-4 months for years 3-4, every 6 months for years 5-10, and thereafter every 6-12 months according to local practice and other factors.
However, both follow-up intervals as well as the type of examination can differ according to the type and grading of the tumor and the treatments that were applied.